Marginalized Populations Within the Community

One of the core principles of caring in crisis is watching and advocating for care for marginalized people groups. Different cultures will define marginalized groups differently. You will want to explore how your destination views these different subsections of culture.

Tribe, Race, or Social Class Relations and Interaction

Cultures often do not get along, nor do they always follow geographic regional map lines. It will be beneficial to know how cultures in your destination collaborate or clash.

Is the community you will join a dominant force in the area? Or a minority? 

What are the markers that differentiate classes and social standing?

Refugee or Internally Displaced (IDP) Populations

Refugee and IDP communities often face discrimination and abuse. They feel unwanted and are often left out of social structures and systems that help others. They may not have rights, freedoms, or access to resources even if they are readily available in proximity. “Research shows that what best promotes the positive mental health of refugees is attending to a variety of social needs, including employment, housing, raising a family, and political stability” (Determinations of Refugee Mental Health: A Global Meta-Analysis). 

Caregivers of refugee populations may be surprised to find that the best care they can give is in presence and advocacy.

Those With Mental Health Issues

How does the culture view mental health and mental health help? 

Is it accepted and supported or shunned? 

The Elderly

Aging people face the significant challenges that come with a deteriorating physical body, with some suffering mental decline.

How does the culture view these challenges? 

Are the elderly respected or discarded? 

Does the culture see them as a burden or an asset? 


Youth are treated on a wide spectrum across cultures. Some see young people as ignorant and obnoxious, and others view youth as vibrant, creative, and energetic.

How does the community view younger people?

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